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一键DD系统脚本

  • 大概说下这个脚本的用途,就是在某些主机商提供的系统镜像你不喜欢时,可以通过这个脚本自己安装喜欢的系统版本,比如阿里云、腾讯云提供的系统带了他们的监控进程,比如买了kvm的vps商家没有提供windows系统镜像时就可以用这个脚本来自动DD一个windows上去,总的来说很方便很强大。感谢萌咖大佬维护此脚本。
  • 如果是DD  windows系统,可以自己找DD系统镜像,个人推荐80大佬提供的镜像:http://down.80host.com/iso/dd/Readme.txt 。DD之后等10多分钟如果有vnc就可以通过VNC登录系统了,如果没有就要通过3389远程连接了。
  • 背景:
  • 适用于由GRUB引导的CentOS,Ubuntu,Debian系统.
    使用官方发行版去掉模板预装的软件.
    同时也可以解决内核版本与软件不兼容的问题。
    只要有root权限,还您一个纯净的系统。

  • 相关文章:
  • [ Linux VPS ] Debian(Ubuntu)网络安装/重装系统一键脚本
    [ Linux VPS ] CentOS 网络安装/重装系统一键脚本 纯净安装
    [ Linux Shell ] 通用无限制在 Linux VPS 上一键全自动 dd 安装 Windows


  • 注意:
  • 全自动安装默认root密码:Vicer,安装完成后请立即更改密码.
  • 能够全自动重装Debian/Ubuntu/CentOS等系统.
  • 同时提供dd安装镜像功能,例如: 全自动无救援dd安装windows系统
  • 全自动安装CentOS时默认提供VNC功能,可使用VNC Viewer查看进度,
    VNC端口1或者5901,可自行尝试连接.(成功后VNC功能会消失.)
  • 目前CentOS系统只支持任意版本重装为 CentOS 6.9 及以下版本.

特别注意:OpenVZ构架不适用.

  • 确保安装了所需软件:
  • 如果出现了错误,请运行:

  • 一键下载及使用:
  • 脚本备用下载地址: http://d.zmrbk.com/vps/InstallNET.sh

  • 使用示例:

  • 一些提示:
    • 在dd安装系统镜像时:
    • 在你的机器上全新安装,如果你有VNC,可以看到全部过程.
      在dd安装镜像的过程中,不会走进度条(进度条一直显示为0%).完成后将会自动重启.
      分区界面标题一般显示为: “Starting up the partitioner
      使用谷歌网盘中储存的镜像: [无限制大小] 获取谷歌网盘文件临时直接下载链接

    • 在全自动安装CentOS时:
    • 如果看到 “Starting graphical installation” 或者类似表达,则表示正在安装.
      正常情况下只需要耐心等待安装完成即可.
      如果需要查看进度,使用VNC Viewer(或者其他VNC连接工具)

      连接提示中的IP地址:端口进行连接.(端口一般为1或者5901)

      代码如下

      #!/bin/bash
       
      ## It can reinstall Debian, Ubuntu, CentOS system with network.
      ## Suitable for using by GRUB.
      ## Blog: https://moeclub.org
      ## Written By Vicer
       
      export tmpVER=''
      export tmpDIST=''
      export tmpURL=''
      export tmpWORD=''
      export tmpMirror=''
      export tmpSSL=''
      export tmpINS=''
      export tmpFW=''
      export ipAddr=''
      export ipMask=''
      export ipGate=''
      export linuxdists=''
      export ddMode='0'
      export setNet='0'
      export isMirror='0'
      export FindDists='0'
      export SpikCheckDIST='0'
      export UNKNOWHW='0'
      export UNVER='6.4'
       
      while [[ $# -ge 1 ]]; do
        case $1 in
          -v|--ver)
            shift
            tmpVER="$1"
            shift
            ;;
          -d|--debian)
            shift
            linuxdists='debian'
            tmpDIST="$1"
            shift
            ;;
          -u|--ubuntu)
            shift
            linuxdists='ubuntu'
            tmpDIST="$1"
            shift
            ;;
          -c|--centos)
            shift
            linuxdists='centos'
            tmpDIST="$1"
            shift
            ;;
          -dd|--image)
            shift
            ddMode='1'
            tmpURL="$1"
            shift
            ;;
          -p|--password)
            shift
            tmpWORD="$1"
            shift
            ;;
          --ip-addr)
            shift
            ipAddr="$1"
            shift
            ;;
          --ip-mask)
            shift
            ipMask="$1"
            shift
            ;;
          --ip-gate)
            shift
            ipGate="$1"
            shift
            ;;
          -a|--auto)
            shift
            tmpINS='auto'
            ;;
          -m|--manual)
            shift
            tmpINS='manual'
            ;;
          -apt|-yum|--mirror)
            shift
            isMirror='1'
            tmpMirror="$1"
            shift
            ;;
          -ssl)
            shift
            tmpSSL="$1"
            shift
            ;;
          --firmware)
            shift
            tmpFW='1'
            ;;
          *)
            if [[ "$1" != 'error' ]]; then echo -ne "\nInvaild option: '$1'\n\n"; fi
            echo -ne " Usage:\n\tbash DebianNET.sh\t-d/--debian [\033[33m\033[04mdists-name\033[0m]\n\t\t\t\t-u/--ubuntu [\033[04mdists-name\033[0m]\n\t\t\t\t-c/--centos [\033[33m\033[04mdists-verison\033[0m]\n\t\t\t\t-v/--ver [32/\033[33m\033[04mi386\033[0m|64/amd64]\n\t\t\t\t--ip-addr/--ip-gate/--ip-mask\n\t\t\t\t-apt/--mirror\n\t\t\t\t-dd/--image\n\t\t\t\t-a/--auto\n\t\t\t\t-m/--manual\n"
            exit 1;
            ;;
          esac
        done
       
      [[ "$EUID" -ne '0' ]] && echo "Error:This script must be run as root!" && exit 1;
       
      function CheckDependence(){
      FullDependence='0';
      for BIN_DEP in `echo "$1" |sed 's/,/\n/g'`
        do
          if [[ -n "$BIN_DEP" ]]; then
            Founded='0';
            for BIN_PATH in `echo "$PATH" |sed 's/:/\n/g'`
              do
                ls $BIN_PATH/$BIN_DEP >/dev/null 2>&1;
                if [ $? == '0' ]; then
                  Founded='1';
                  break;
                fi
              done
            if [ "$Founded" == '1' ]; then
              echo -en "[\033[32mok\033[0m]\t";
            else
              FullDependence='1';
              echo -en "[\033[31mNot Install\033[0m]";
            fi
            echo -en "\t$BIN_DEP\n";
          fi
        done
      if [ "$FullDependence" == '1' ]; then
        echo -ne "\n\033[31mError! \033[0mPlease use '\033[33mapt-get\033[0m' or '\033[33myum\033[0m' install it.\n\n\n"
        exit 1;
      fi
      }
       
      if [[ -z "$linuxdists" ]]; then
        linuxdists='debian';
      fi
       
      clear && echo -e "\n\033[36m# Check Dependence\033[0m\n"
       
      if [[ "$ddMode" == '1' ]]; then
        CheckDependence iconv;
        linuxdists='debian';
        tmpDIST='jessie';
        tmpVER='amd64';
        tmpINS='auto';
      fi
       
      if [[ "$linuxdists" == 'debian' ]] || [[ "$linuxdists" == 'ubuntu' ]]; then
        CheckDependence wget,awk,grep,sed,cut,cat,cpio,gzip,find,dirname,basename;
      elif [[ "$linuxdists" == 'centos' ]]; then
        CheckDependence wget,awk,grep,sed,cut,cat,cpio,gzip,find,dirname,basename,file,xz;
      fi
       
      if [[ -n "$tmpWORD" ]]; then
        CheckDependence openssl;
      fi
       
      [[ -f '/boot/grub/grub.cfg' ]] && GRUBOLD='0' && GRUBDIR='/boot/grub' && GRUBFILE='grub.cfg';
      [[ -z "$GRUBDIR" ]] && [[ -f '/boot/grub2/grub.cfg' ]] && GRUBOLD='0' && GRUBDIR='/boot/grub2' && GRUBFILE='grub.cfg';
      [[ -z "$GRUBDIR" ]] && [[ -f '/boot/grub/grub.conf' ]] && GRUBOLD='1' && GRUBDIR='/boot/grub' && GRUBFILE='grub.conf';
      [ -z "$GRUBDIR" -o -z "$GRUBFILE" ] && echo -ne "Error! \nNot Found grub path.\n" && exit 1;
       
      if [[ "$isMirror" == '1' ]]; then
        if [[ -n "$tmpMirror" ]]; then
          TMPMirrorHost="$(echo -n "$tmpMirror" |grep -Eo '.*\.(\w+)')";
          echo "$TMPMirrorHost" |grep -q '://';
          if [[ $? == '0' ]]; then
            MirrorHost="$(echo "$TMPMirrorHost" |awk -F'://' '{print $2}')";
          else
            echo -en "\n\033[31mInvaild Mirror! \033[0m\n";
            [[ "$linuxdists" == 'debian' ]] && echo -en "\033[33mexample:\033[0m http://httpredir.debian.org/debian\n\n";
            [[ "$linuxdists" == 'ubuntu' ]] && echo -en "\033[33mexample:\033[0m http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu\n\n";
            [[ "$linuxdists" == 'centos' ]] && echo -en "\033[33mexample:\033[0m http://mirror.centos.org/centos\n\n";
            exit 1
          fi
          if [[ -n "$MirrorHost" ]]; then
            MirrorFolder="$(echo -n "$tmpMirror" |awk -F''${MirrorHost}'' '{print $2}' |sed 's/\/$//g')";
            if [[ -z "$MirrorFolder" ]]; then
              [[ "$linuxdists" == 'debian' ]] && MirrorFolder='/debian';
              [[ "$linuxdists" == 'ubuntu' ]] && MirrorFolder='/ubuntu';
              [[ "$linuxdists" == 'centos' ]] && MirrorFolder='/centos';
            fi
            DISTMirror="${MirrorHost}${MirrorFolder}";
          fi
        fi
      fi
       
      if [[ -z "$DISTMirror" ]]; then
        [[ "$linuxdists" == 'debian' ]] && MirrorHost='httpredir.debian.org' && MirrorFolder='/debian' && DISTMirror="${MirrorHost}${MirrorFolder}";
        [[ "$linuxdists" == 'ubuntu' ]] && MirrorHost='archive.ubuntu.com' && MirrorFolder='/ubuntu' && DISTMirror="${MirrorHost}${MirrorFolder}";
        [[ "$linuxdists" == 'centos' ]] && DISTMirror='vault.centos.org';
      fi
       
      if [[ -n "$tmpVER" ]]; then
        tmpVER="$(echo "$tmpVER" |sed -r 's/(.*)/\L\1/')";
        if  [[ "$tmpVER" == '32' ]] || [[ "$tmpVER" == 'i386' ]] || [[ "$tmpVER" == 'x86' ]]; then
          VER='i386';
        fi
        if  [[ "$tmpVER" == '64' ]] || [[ "$tmpVER" == 'amd64' ]] || [[ "$tmpVER" == 'x86_64' ]] || [[ "$tmpVER" == 'x64' ]]; then
          if [[ "$linuxdists" == 'debian' ]] || [[ "$linuxdists" == 'ubuntu' ]]; then
            VER='amd64';
          elif [[ "$linuxdists" == 'centos' ]]; then
            VER='x86_64';
          fi
        fi
      fi
       
      if [[ -z "$VER" ]]; then
        VER='i386';
      fi
       
      if [[ -z "$tmpDIST" ]]; then
        [[ "$linuxdists" == 'debian' ]] && DIST='jessie';
        [[ "$linuxdists" == 'ubuntu' ]] && DIST='xenial';
        [[ "$linuxdists" == 'centos' ]] && DIST='6.8';
      fi
       
      if [[ -z "$DIST" ]]; then
        if [[ "$linuxdists" == 'debian' ]]; then
          SpikCheckDIST='0'
          DIST="$(echo "$tmpDIST" |sed -r 's/(.*)/\L\1/')";
          echo "$DIST" |grep -q '[0-9]';
          [[ $? -eq '0' ]] && {
            isDigital="$(echo "$DIST" |grep -o '[\.0-9]\{1,\}' |sed -n '1h;1!H;$g;s/\n//g;$p' |cut -d'.' -f1)";
            [[ -n $isDigital ]] && {
              [[ "$isDigital" == '7' ]] && DIST='wheezy';
              [[ "$isDigital" == '8' ]] && DIST='jessie';
              [[ "$isDigital" == '9' ]] && DIST='stretch';
              [[ "$isDigital" == '10' ]] && DIST='buster';
            }
          }
        fi
        if [[ "$linuxdists" == 'ubuntu' ]]; then
          SpikCheckDIST='0'
          DIST="$(echo "$tmpDIST" |sed -r 's/(.*)/\L\1/')";
          echo "$DIST" |grep -q '[0-9]';
          [[ $? -eq '0' ]] && {
            isDigital="$(echo "$DIST" |grep -o '[\.0-9]\{1,\}' |sed -n '1h;1!H;$g;s/\n//g;$p')";
            [[ -n $isDigital ]] && {
              [[ "$isDigital" == '12.04' ]] && DIST='precise';
              [[ "$isDigital" == '14.04' ]] && DIST='trusty';
              [[ "$isDigital" == '16.04' ]] && DIST='xenial';
              [[ "$isDigital" == '18.04' ]] && DIST='bionic';
            }
          }
        fi
        if [[ "$linuxdists" == 'centos' ]]; then
          SpikCheckDIST='1'
          DISTCheck="$(echo "$tmpDIST" |grep -o '[\.0-9]\{1,\}')";
          ListDIST="$(wget --no-check-certificate -qO- "http://$DISTMirror/dir_sizes" |cut -f2 |grep '^[0-9]')"
          DIST="$(echo "$ListDIST" |grep "^$DISTCheck")"
          [[ -z "$DIST" ]] && {
            echo -ne '\nThe dists version not found in this mirror, Please check it! \n\n'
            bash $0 error;
            exit 1;
          }
          wget --no-check-certificate -qO- "http://$DISTMirror/$DIST/os/$VER/.treeinfo" |grep -q 'general';
          [[ $? != '0' ]] && {
            echo -ne "\nThe version not found in this mirror, Please change mirror try again! \n\n";
            exit 1;
          }
       
        fi
      fi
       
      if [[ "$SpikCheckDIST" == '0' ]]; then
        DistsList="$(wget --no-check-certificate -qO- "http://$DISTMirror/dists/" |grep -o 'href=.*/"' |cut -d'"' -f2 |sed '/-\|old\|Debian\|experimental\|stable\|test\|sid\|devel/d' |grep '^[^/]' |sed -n '1h;1!H;$g;s/\n//g;s/\//\;/g;$p')";
        for CheckDEB in `echo "$DistsList" |sed 's/;/\n/g'`
          do
            [[ "$CheckDEB" == "$DIST" ]] && FindDists='1';
            [[ "$FindDists" == '1' ]] && break;
          done
        [[ "$FindDists" == '0' ]] && {
          echo -ne '\nThe dists version not found, Please check it! \n\n'
          bash $0 error;
          exit 1;
        }
      fi
       
      [[ "$ddMode" == '1' ]] && {
        export SSL_SUPPORT='https://moeclub.org/get-wget_udeb_amd64';
        if [[ -n "$tmpURL" ]]; then
          DDURL="$tmpURL"
          echo "$DDURL" |grep -q '^http://\|^ftp://\|^https://';
          [[ $? -ne '0' ]] && echo 'Please input vaild URL,Only support http://, ftp:// and https:// !' && exit 1;
          [[ -n "$tmpSSL" ]] && SSL_SUPPORT="$tmpSSL";
        else
          echo 'Please input vaild image URL! ';
          exit 1;
        fi
      }
       
      [[ -n "$tmpINS" ]] && {
        [[ "$tmpINS" == 'auto' ]] && inVNC='n';
        [[ "$tmpINS" == 'manual' ]] && inVNC='y';
      }
       
      [ -n "$ipAddr" ] && [ -n "$ipMask" ] && [ -n "$ipGate" ] && setNet='1';
      [[ -n "$tmpWORD" ]] && myPASSWORD="$(openssl passwd -1 "$tmpWORD")";
      [[ -z "$myPASSWORD" ]] && myPASSWORD='$1$0shYGfBd$8v189JOozDO1jPqPO645e1';
      [[ -n "$tmpFW" ]] && INCFW="$tmpFW";
      [[ -z "$INCFW" ]] && INCFW='0';
       
      clear && echo -e "\n\033[36m# Install\033[0m\n"
       
      ASKVNC(){
        inVNC='y';
        [[ "$ddMode" == '0' ]] && {
          echo -ne "\033[34mCan you login VNC?\033[0m\e[33m[\e[32my\e[33m/n]\e[0m "
          read tmpinVNC
          [[ -n "$inVNCtmp" ]] && inVNC="$tmpinVNC"
        }
        [ "$inVNC" == 'y' -o "$inVNC" == 'Y' ] && inVNC='y';
        [ "$inVNC" == 'n' -o "$inVNC" == 'N' ] && inVNC='n';
      }
       
      [ "$inVNC" == 'y' -o "$inVNC" == 'n' ] || ASKVNC;
      [[ "$linuxdists" == 'debian' ]] && LinuxName='Debian';
      [[ "$linuxdists" == 'ubuntu' ]] && LinuxName='Ubuntu';
      [[ "$linuxdists" == 'centos' ]] && LinuxName='CentOS';
      [[ "$ddMode" == '0' ]] && { 
        [[ "$inVNC" == 'y' ]] && echo -e "\033[34mManual Mode\033[0m insatll \033[33m$LinuxName\033[0m [\033[33m$DIST\033[0m] [\033[33m$VER\033[0m] in VNC. "
        [[ "$inVNC" == 'n' ]] && echo -e "\033[34mAuto Mode\033[0m insatll \033[33m$LinuxName\033[0m [\033[33m$DIST\033[0m] [\033[33m$VER\033[0m]. "
      }
      [[ "$ddMode" == '1' ]] && {
        echo -ne "\033[34mAuto Mode\033[0m insatll \033[33mWindows\033[0m\n[\033[33m$DDURL\033[0m]\n"
      }
       
      if [[ "$linuxdists" == 'centos' ]]; then
        if [[ "$DIST" != "$UNVER" ]]; then
          awk 'BEGIN{print '${UNVER}'-'${DIST}'}' |grep -q '^-'
          if [ $? != '0' ]; then
            UNKNOWHW='1';
            echo -en "\033[33mThe version lower then \033[31m$UNVER\033[33m may not support in auto mode! \033[0m\n";
            if [[ "$inVNC" == 'n' ]]; then
              echo -en "\033[35mYou can connect VNC with \033[32mPublic IP\033[35m and port \033[32m1\033[35m/\033[32m5901\033[35m in vnc viewer.\033[0m\n"
              read -n 1 -p "Press Enter to continue..." INP
              [[ "$INP" != '' ]] && echo -ne '\b \n\n';
            fi
          fi
          awk 'BEGIN{print '${UNVER}'-'${DIST}'+0.59}' |grep -q '^-'
          if [ $? == '0' ]; then
            echo -en "\n\033[31mThe version higher then \033[33m6.9 \033[31mis not support in current! \033[0m\n\n"
            exit 1;
          fi
        fi
      fi
       
      echo -e "\n[\033[33m$LinuxName\033[0m] [\033[33m$DIST\033[0m] [\033[33m$VER\033[0m] Downloading..."
       
      [[ -z "$DISTMirror" ]] && echo -ne "\033[31mError! \033[0mInvaild mirror! \n" && exit 1
       
      if [[ "$linuxdists" == 'debian' ]] || [[ "$linuxdists" == 'ubuntu' ]]; then
      wget --no-check-certificate -qO '/boot/initrd.img' "http://$DISTMirror/dists/$DIST/main/installer-$VER/current/images/netboot/$linuxdists-installer/$VER/initrd.gz"
      [[ $? -ne '0' ]] && echo -ne "\033[31mError! \033[0mDownload 'initrd.img' for \033[33m$linuxdists\033[0m failed! \n" && exit 1
      wget --no-check-certificate -qO '/boot/vmlinuz' "http://$DISTMirror/dists/$DIST/main/installer-$VER/current/images/netboot/$linuxdists-installer/$VER/linux"
      [[ $? -ne '0' ]] && echo -ne "\033[31mError! \033[0mDownload 'vmlinuz' for \033[33m$linuxdists\033[0m failed! \n" && exit 1
      elif [[ "$linuxdists" == 'centos' ]]; then
      wget --no-check-certificate -qO '/boot/initrd.img' "http://$DISTMirror/$DIST/os/$VER/isolinux/initrd.img"
      [[ $? -ne '0' ]] && echo -ne "\033[31mError! \033[0mDownload 'initrd.img' for \033[33m$linuxdists\033[0m failed! \n" && exit 1
      wget --no-check-certificate -qO '/boot/vmlinuz' "http://$DISTMirror/$DIST/os/$VER/isolinux/vmlinuz"
      [[ $? -ne '0' ]] && echo -ne "\033[31mError! \033[0mDownload 'vmlinuz' for \033[33m$linuxdists\033[0m failed! \n" && exit 1
      fi
      if [[ "$linuxdists" == 'debian' ]]; then
        if [[ "$INCFW" == '1' ]]; then
          wget --no-check-certificate -qO '/boot/firmware.cpio.gz' "http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/unofficial/non-free/firmware/$DIST/current/firmware.cpio.gz"
          [[ $? -ne '0' ]] && echo -ne "\033[31mError! \033[0mDownload 'firmware' for \033[33m$linuxdists\033[0m failed! \n" && exit 1
        fi
      fi
       
      [[ "$setNet" == '1' ]] && {
        IPv4="$ipAddr";
        MASK="$ipMask";
        GATE="$ipGate";
      } || {
        DEFAULTNET="$(ip route show |grep -o 'default via [0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.*' |head -n1 |sed 's/proto.*\|onlink.*//g' |awk '{print $NF}')";
        [[ -n "$DEFAULTNET" ]] && IPSUB="$(ip addr |grep ''${DEFAULTNET}'' |grep 'global' |grep 'brd' |head -n1 |grep -o '[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}/[0-9]\{1,2\}')";
        IPv4="$(echo -n "$IPSUB" |cut -d'/' -f1)";
        NETSUB="$(echo -n "$IPSUB" |grep -o '/[0-9]\{1,2\}')";
        GATE="$(ip route show |grep -o 'default via [0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}' |head -n1 |grep -o '[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}')";
        [[ -n "$NETSUB" ]] && MASK="$(echo -n '128.0.0.0/1,192.0.0.0/2,224.0.0.0/3,240.0.0.0/4,248.0.0.0/5,252.0.0.0/6,254.0.0.0/7,255.0.0.0/8,255.128.0.0/9,255.192.0.0/10,255.224.0.0/11,255.240.0.0/12,255.248.0.0/13,255.252.0.0/14,255.254.0.0/15,255.255.0.0/16,255.255.128.0/17,255.255.192.0/18,255.255.224.0/19,255.255.240.0/20,255.255.248.0/21,255.255.252.0/22,255.255.254.0/23,255.255.255.0/24,255.255.255.128/25,255.255.255.192/26,255.255.255.224/27,255.255.255.240/28,255.255.255.248/29,255.255.255.252/30,255.255.255.254/31,255.255.255.255/32' |grep -o '[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}'${NETSUB}'' |cut -d'/' -f1)";
      }
       
      [[ -n "$GATE" ]] && [[ -n "$MASK" ]] && [[ -n "$IPv4" ]] || {
      echo "Not found `ip command`, It will use `route command`."
      ipNum() {
        local IFS='.';
        read ip1 ip2 ip3 ip4 <<<"$1";
        echo $((ip1*(1<<24)+ip2*(1<<16)+ip3*(1<<8)+ip4));
      }
       
      SelectMax(){
      ii=0;
      for IPITEM in `route -n |awk -v OUT=$1 '{print $OUT}' |grep '[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}'`
        do
          NumTMP="$(ipNum $IPITEM)";
          eval "arrayNum[$ii]='$NumTMP,$IPITEM'";
          ii=$[$ii+1];
        done
      echo ${arrayNum[@]} |sed 's/\s/\n/g' |sort -n -k 1 -t ',' |tail -n1 |cut -d',' -f2;
      }
       
      [[ -z $IPv4 ]] && IPv4="$(ifconfig |grep 'Bcast' |head -n1 |grep -o '[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}' |head -n1)";
      [[ -z $GATE ]] && GATE="$(SelectMax 2)";
      [[ -z $MASK ]] && MASK="$(SelectMax 3)";
       
      [[ -n "$GATE" ]] && [[ -n "$MASK" ]] && [[ -n "$IPv4" ]] || {
        echo "Error! Not configure network. ";
        exit 1;
      }
      }
       
      [[ "$setNet" != '1' ]] && [[ -f '/etc/network/interfaces' ]] && {
        [[ -z "$(sed -n '/iface.*inet static/p' /etc/network/interfaces)" ]] && AutoNet='1' || AutoNet='0';
        [[ -d /etc/network/interfaces.d ]] && {
          ICFGN="$(find /etc/network/interfaces.d -name '*.cfg' |wc -l)" || ICFGN='0';
          [[ "$ICFGN" -ne '0' ]] && {
            for NetCFG in `ls -1 /etc/network/interfaces.d/*.cfg`
              do 
                [[ -z "$(cat $NetCFG | sed -n '/iface.*inet static/p')" ]] && AutoNet='1' || AutoNet='0';
                [[ "$AutoNet" -eq '0' ]] && break;
              done
          }
        }
      }
       
      [[ "$setNet" != '1' ]] && [[ -d '/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts' ]] && {
        ICFGN="$(find /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts -name 'ifcfg-*' |grep -v 'lo'|wc -l)" || ICFGN='0';
        [[ "$ICFGN" -ne '0' ]] && {
          for NetCFG in `ls -1 /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-* |grep -v 'lo$' |grep -v ':[0-9]\{1,\}'`
            do 
              [[ -n "$(cat $NetCFG | sed -n '/BOOTPROTO.*[dD][hH][cC][pP]/p')" ]] && AutoNet='1' || {
                AutoNet='0' && . $NetCFG;
                [[ -n $NETMASK ]] && MASK="$NETMASK";
                [[ -n $GATEWAY ]] && GATE="$GATEWAY";
              }
              [[ "$AutoNet" -eq '0' ]] && break;
            done
        }
      }
       
      [[ ! -f $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE ]] && echo "Error! Not Found $GRUBFILE. " && exit 1;
       
      [[ ! -f $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE.old ]] && [[ -f $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE.bak ]] && mv -f $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE.bak $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE.old;
      mv -f $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE.bak;
      [[ -f $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE.old ]] && cat $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE.old >$GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE || cat $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE.bak >$GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE;
       
      [[ "$GRUBOLD" == '0' ]] && {
        READGRUB='/tmp/grub.read'
        cat $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE |sed -n '1h;1!H;$g;s/\n/+++/g;$p' |grep -oPm 1 'menuentry\ .*\{.*\}\+\+\+' |sed 's/\+\+\+/\n/g' >$READGRUB
        LoadNum="$(cat $READGRUB |grep -c 'menuentry ')"
        if [[ "$LoadNum" -eq '1' ]]; then
          cat $READGRUB |sed '/^$/d' >/tmp/grub.new;
        elif [[ "$LoadNum" -gt '1' ]]; then
          CFG0="$(awk '/menuentry /{print NR}' $READGRUB|head -n 1)";
          CFG2="$(awk '/menuentry /{print NR}' $READGRUB|head -n 2 |tail -n 1)";
          CFG1="";
          for tmpCFG in `awk '/}/{print NR}' $READGRUB`
            do
              [ "$tmpCFG" -gt "$CFG0" -a "$tmpCFG" -lt "$CFG2" ] && CFG1="$tmpCFG";
            done
          [[ -z "$CFG1" ]] && {
            echo "Error! read $GRUBFILE. ";
            exit 1;
          }
       
          sed -n "$CFG0,$CFG1"p $READGRUB >/tmp/grub.new;
          [[ -f /tmp/grub.new ]] && [[ "$(grep -c '{' /tmp/grub.new)" -eq "$(grep -c '}' /tmp/grub.new)" ]] || {
            echo -ne "\033[31mError! \033[0mNot configure $GRUBFILE. \n";
            exit 1;
          }
        fi
        [ ! -f /tmp/grub.new ] && echo "Error! $GRUBFILE. " && exit 1;
        sed -i "/menuentry.*/c\menuentry\ \'Install OS \[$DIST\ $VER\]\'\ --class debian\ --class\ gnu-linux\ --class\ gnu\ --class\ os\ \{" /tmp/grub.new
        sed -i "/echo.*Loading/d" /tmp/grub.new;
        INSERTGRUB="$(awk '/menuentry /{print NR}' $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE|head -n 1)"
      }
       
      [[ "$GRUBOLD" == '1' ]] && {
        CFG0="$(awk '/title /{print NR}' $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE|head -n 1)";
        CFG1="$(awk '/title /{print NR}' $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE|head -n 2 |tail -n 1)";
        [[ -n $CFG0 ]] && [ -z $CFG1 -o $CFG1 == $CFG0 ] && sed -n "$CFG0,$"p $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE >/tmp/grub.new;
        [[ -n $CFG0 ]] && [ -z $CFG1 -o $CFG1 != $CFG0 ] && sed -n "$CFG0,$CFG1"p $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE >/tmp/grub.new;
        [[ ! -f /tmp/grub.new ]] && echo "Error! configure append $GRUBFILE. " && exit 1;
        sed -i "/title.*/c\title\ \'Install OS \[$DIST\ $VER\]\'" /tmp/grub.new;
        sed -i '/^#/d' /tmp/grub.new;
        INSERTGRUB="$(awk '/title /{print NR}' $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE|head -n 1)"
      }
       
      [[ -n "$(grep 'linux.*/\|kernel.*/' /tmp/grub.new |awk '{print $2}' |tail -n 1 |grep '^/boot/')" ]] && Type='InBoot' || Type='NoBoot';
       
      LinuxKernel="$(grep 'linux.*/\|kernel.*/' /tmp/grub.new |awk '{print $1}' |head -n 1)";
      [[ -z "$LinuxKernel" ]] && echo "Error! read grub config! " && exit 1;
      LinuxIMG="$(grep 'initrd.*/' /tmp/grub.new |awk '{print $1}' |tail -n 1)";
      [ -z "$LinuxIMG" ] && sed -i "/$LinuxKernel.*\//a\\\tinitrd\ \/" /tmp/grub.new && LinuxIMG='initrd';
       
      if [[ "$linuxdists" == 'debian' ]] || [[ "$linuxdists" == 'ubuntu' ]]; then
        BOOT_OPTION="auto=true hostname=$linuxdists domain= -- quiet"
      elif [[ "$linuxdists" == 'centos' ]]; then
        BOOT_OPTION="ks=file://ks.cfg ksdevice=link"
      fi
       
      [[ "$Type" == 'InBoot' ]] && {
        sed -i "/$LinuxKernel.*\//c\\\t$LinuxKernel\\t\/boot\/vmlinuz $BOOT_OPTION" /tmp/grub.new;
        sed -i "/$LinuxIMG.*\//c\\\t$LinuxIMG\\t\/boot\/initrd.img" /tmp/grub.new;
      }
       
      [[ "$Type" == 'NoBoot' ]] && {
        sed -i "/$LinuxKernel.*\//c\\\t$LinuxKernel\\t\/vmlinuz $BOOT_OPTION" /tmp/grub.new;
        sed -i "/$LinuxIMG.*\//c\\\t$LinuxIMG\\t\/initrd.img" /tmp/grub.new;
      }
       
      sed -i '$a\\n' /tmp/grub.new;
       
      [[ "$inVNC" == 'n' ]] && {
      GRUBPATCH='0';
       
      [ -f '/etc/network/interfaces' -o -d '/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts' ] || {
        echo "Error, Not found interfaces config.";
        exit 1;
      }
       
      sed -i ''${INSERTGRUB}'i\\n' $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE;
      sed -i ''${INSERTGRUB}'r /tmp/grub.new' $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE;
      [[ -f  $GRUBDIR/grubenv ]] && sed -i 's/saved_entry/#saved_entry/g' $GRUBDIR/grubenv;
       
      [[ -d /boot/tmp ]] && rm -rf /boot/tmp;
      mkdir -p /boot/tmp;
      cd /boot/tmp;
      if [[ "$linuxdists" == 'debian' ]] || [[ "$linuxdists" == 'ubuntu' ]]; then
        COMPTYPE="gzip";
      elif [[ "$linuxdists" == 'centos' ]]; then
        COMPTYPE="$(file /boot/initrd.img |grep -o ':.*compressed data' |cut -d' ' -f2 |sed -r 's/(.*)/\L\1/' |head -n1)"
        [[ -z "$COMPTYPE" ]] && echo "Detect compressed type fail." && exit 1;
      fi
      CompDected='0'
      for ListCOMP in `echo -en 'gzip\nlzma\nxz'`
        do
          if [[ "$COMPTYPE" == "$ListCOMP" ]]; then
            CompDected='1'
            if [[ "$COMPTYPE" == 'gzip' ]]; then
              NewIMG="initrd.img.gz"
            else
              NewIMG="initrd.img.$COMPTYPE"
            fi
            mv -f "/boot/initrd.img" "/boot/$NewIMG"
            break;
          fi
        done
      [[ "$CompDected" != '1' ]] && echo "Detect compressed type not support." && exit 1;
      [[ "$COMPTYPE" == 'lzma' ]] && UNCOMP='xz --format=lzma --decompress';
      [[ "$COMPTYPE" == 'xz' ]] && UNCOMP='xz --decompress';
      [[ "$COMPTYPE" == 'gzip' ]] && UNCOMP='gzip -d';
       
      $UNCOMP < ../$NewIMG | cpio --extract --verbose --make-directories --no-absolute-filenames >>/dev/null 2>&1
       
      if [[ "$linuxdists" == 'debian' ]] || [[ "$linuxdists" == 'ubuntu' ]]; then
      cat >/boot/tmp/preseed.cfg<<EOF
      d-i debian-installer/locale string en_US
      d-i console-setup/layoutcode string us
       
      d-i keyboard-configuration/xkb-keymap string us
       
      d-i netcfg/choose_interface select auto
       
      d-i netcfg/disable_autoconfig boolean true
      d-i netcfg/dhcp_failed note
      d-i netcfg/dhcp_options select Configure network manually
      d-i netcfg/get_ipaddress string $IPv4
      d-i netcfg/get_netmask string $MASK
      d-i netcfg/get_gateway string $GATE
      d-i netcfg/get_nameservers string 8.8.8.8
      d-i netcfg/no_default_route boolean true
      d-i netcfg/confirm_static boolean true
       
      d-i hw-detect/load_firmware boolean true
       
      d-i mirror/country string manual
      d-i mirror/http/hostname string $MirrorHost
      d-i mirror/http/directory string $MirrorFolder
      d-i mirror/http/proxy string
       
      d-i passwd/root-login boolean ture
      d-i passwd/make-user boolean false
      d-i passwd/root-password-crypted password $myPASSWORD
      d-i user-setup/allow-password-weak boolean true
      d-i user-setup/encrypt-home boolean false
       
      d-i clock-setup/utc boolean true
      d-i time/zone string US/Eastern
      d-i clock-setup/ntp boolean true
       
      d-i preseed/early_command string anna-install libfuse2-udeb fuse-udeb ntfs-3g-udeb fuse-modules-3.16.0-4-amd64-di
      d-i partman/early_command string \
      debconf-set partman-auto/disk "\$(list-devices disk |head -n1)"; \
      wget -qO- '$DDURL' |gunzip -dc |/bin/dd of=\$(list-devices disk |head -n1); \
      mount.ntfs-3g \$(list-devices partition |head -n1) /mnt; \
      cd '/mnt/ProgramData/Microsoft/Windows/Start Menu/Programs'; \
      cd Start* || cd start*; \
      cp -f '/net.bat' './net.bat'; \
      /sbin/reboot; \
      debconf-set grub-installer/bootdev string "\$(list-devices disk |head -n1)"; \
      umount /media || true; \
       
      d-i partman/mount_style select uuid
      d-i partman-auto/init_automatically_partition select Guided - use entire disk
      d-i partman-auto/method string regular
      d-i partman-lvm/device_remove_lvm boolean true
      d-i partman-md/device_remove_md boolean true
      d-i partman-auto/choose_recipe select atomic
      d-i partman-partitioning/confirm_write_new_label boolean true
      d-i partman/choose_partition select finish
      d-i partman-lvm/confirm boolean true
      d-i partman-lvm/confirm_nooverwrite boolean true
      d-i partman/confirm boolean true
      d-i partman/confirm_nooverwrite boolean true
       
      d-i debian-installer/allow_unauthenticated boolean true
       
      tasksel tasksel/first multiselect minimal
      d-i pkgsel/update-policy select none
      d-i pkgsel/include string openssh-server
      d-i pkgsel/upgrade select none
       
      popularity-contest popularity-contest/participate boolean false
       
      d-i grub-installer/only_debian boolean true
      d-i grub-installer/bootdev string default
      d-i finish-install/reboot_in_progress note
      d-i debian-installer/exit/reboot boolean true
      d-i preseed/late_command string	\
      sed -ri 's/^#?PermitRootLogin.*/PermitRootLogin yes/g' /target/etc/ssh/sshd_config; \
      sed -ri 's/^#?PasswordAuthentication.*/PasswordAuthentication yes/g' /target/etc/ssh/sshd_config;
      EOF
       
      [[ "$setNet" == '0' ]] && [[ "$AutoNet" == '1' ]] && {
        sed -i '/netcfg\/disable_autoconfig/d' /boot/tmp/preseed.cfg
        sed -i '/netcfg\/dhcp_options/d' /boot/tmp/preseed.cfg
        sed -i '/netcfg\/get_.*/d' /boot/tmp/preseed.cfg
        sed -i '/netcfg\/confirm_static/d' /boot/tmp/preseed.cfg
      }
       
      [[ "$DIST" == 'trusty' ]] && GRUBPATCH='1'
      [[ "$DIST" == 'wily' ]] && GRUBPATCH='1'
       
      [[ "$GRUBPATCH" == '1' ]] && {
        sed -i 's/^d-i\ grub-installer\/bootdev\ string\ default//g' /boot/tmp/preseed.cfg
      }
      [[ "$GRUBPATCH" == '0' ]] && {
        sed -i 's/debconf-set\ grub-installer\/bootdev.*\"\;//g' /boot/tmp/preseed.cfg
      }
      [[ "$DIST" == 'xenial' ]] && {
        sed -i 's/^d-i\ clock-setup\/ntp\ boolean\ true/d-i\ clock-setup\/ntp\ boolean\ false/g' /boot/tmp/preseed.cfg
      }
       
      [[ "$linuxdists" == 'debian' ]] && {
        sed -i '/user-setup\/allow-password-weak/d' /boot/tmp/preseed.cfg
        sed -i '/user-setup\/encrypt-home/d' /boot/tmp/preseed.cfg
        sed -i '/pkgsel\/update-policy/d' /boot/tmp/preseed.cfg
        sed -i 's/umount\ \/media.*true\;\ //g' /boot/tmp/preseed.cfg
      }
      [[ "$INCFW" == '1' ]] && [[ "$linuxdists" == 'debian' ]] && [[ -f '/boot/firmware.cpio.gz' ]] && {
        gzip -d < ../firmware.cpio.gz | cpio --extract --verbose --make-directories --no-absolute-filenames >>/dev/null 2>&1
      }
       
      [[ "$ddMode" == '1' ]] && {
      WinDHCP(){
        echo -ne "@ECHO OFF\r\ncd\040\057d\040\042\045ProgramData\045\057Microsoft\057Windows\057Start\040Menu\057Programs\057Startup\042\r\ndel\040\057f\040\057q\040net\056bat\r\n\r\n" >'/boot/tmp/net.tmp';
      }
      WinNoDHCP(){
        echo -ne "@ECHO OFF\r\ncd\056\076\045windir\045\GetAdmin\r\nif\040exist\040\045windir\045\GetAdmin\040\050del\040\057f\040\057q\040\042\045windir\045\GetAdmin\042\051\040else\040\050\r\necho\040CreateObject^\050\042Shell\056Application\042^\051\056ShellExecute\040\042\045~s0\042\054\040\042\045\052\042\054\040\042\042\054\040\042runas\042\054\040\061\040\076\076\040\042\045temp\045\Admin\056vbs\042\r\n\042\045temp\045\Admin\056vbs\042\r\ndel\040\057f\040\057q\040\042\045temp\045\Admin\056vbs\042\r\nexit\040\057b\040\062\051\r\nfor\040\057f\040\042tokens=\063\052\042\040\045\045i\040in\040\050\047netsh\040interface\040show\040interface\040^|more\040+3\040^|findstr\040\057R\040\042\u672c\u5730\056\052\040\u4ee5\u592a\056\052\040Local\056\052\040Ethernet\042\047\051\040do\040\050set\040EthName=\045\045j\051\r\nnetsh\040-c\040interface\040ip\040set\040address\040name=\042\045EthName\045\042\040source=static\040address=$IPv4\040mask=$MASK\040gateway=$GATE\r\nnetsh\040-c\040interface\040ip\040add\040dnsservers\040name=\042\045EthName\045\042\040address=\070\056\070\056\070\056\070\040index=1\040validate=no\r\nnetsh\040-c\040interface\040ip\040add\040dnsservers\040name=\042\045EthName\045\042\040address=\070\056\070\056\064\056\064\040index=2\040validate=no\r\ncd\040\057d\040\042\045ProgramData\045\057Microsoft\057Windows\057Start\040Menu\057Programs\057Startup\042\r\ndel\040\057f\040\057q\040net\056bat\r\n\r\n" >'/boot/tmp/net.tmp';
      }
        [[ "$setNet" == '1' ]] && WinNoDHCP;
        [[ "$setNet" == '0' ]] && {
          [[ "$AutoNet" -eq '1' ]] && WinDHCP;
          [[ "$AutoNet" -eq '0' ]] && WinNoDHCP;
        }
        iconv -f 'UTF-8' -t 'GBK' '/boot/tmp/net.tmp' -o '/boot/tmp/net.bat'
        rm -rf '/boot/tmp/net.tmp'
        echo "$DDURL" |grep -q '^https://'
        [[ $? -eq '0' ]] && {
          echo -ne '\nAdd ssl support...\n'
          [[ -n $SSL_SUPPORT ]] && {
            wget --no-check-certificate -qO- "$SSL_SUPPORT" |tar -x
            [[ ! -f  /boot/tmp/usr/bin/wget ]] && echo 'Error! SSL_SUPPORT.' && exit 1;
            sed -i 's/wget\ -qO-/\/usr\/bin\/wget\ --no-check-certificate\ --retry-connrefused\ --tries=7\ --continue\ -qO-/g' /boot/tmp/preseed.cfg
            [[ $? -eq '0' ]] && echo -ne 'Success! \n\n'
          } || {
          echo -ne 'Not ssl support package! \n\n';
          exit 1;
          }
        }
      }
       
      [[ "$ddMode" == '0' ]] && {
        sed -i '/anna-install/d' /boot/tmp/preseed.cfg
        sed -i 's/wget.*\/sbin\/reboot\;\ //g' /boot/tmp/preseed.cfg
      }
       
      elif [[ "$linuxdists" == 'centos' ]]; then
      cat >/boot/tmp/ks.cfg<<EOF
      #platform=x86, AMD64, or Intel EM64T
      firewall --enabled --ssh
      install
      url --url="http://$DISTMirror/$DIST/os/$VER/"
      rootpw --iscrypted $myPASSWORD
      auth --useshadow --passalgo=sha512
      firstboot --disable
      lang en_US
      keyboard us
      selinux --disabled
      logging --level=info
      reboot
      text
      unsupported_hardware
      vnc
      skipx
      timezone --isUtc Asia/Hong_Kong
      #ONDHCP network --bootproto=dhcp --onboot=on
      #NODHCP network --bootproto=static --ip=$IPv4 --netmask=$MASK --gateway=$GATE --nameserver=8.8.8.8 --onboot=on
      bootloader --location=mbr --append="rhgb quiet crashkernel=auto"
      zerombr
      clearpart --all --initlabel 
      autopart
       
      %packages
       
      @base
      %end
       
       
      %post --interpreter=/bin/bash
       
      rm -rf /root/anaconda-ks.cfg
      rm -rf /root/install.*log
      %end
       
       
      EOF
       
      [[ "$setNet" == '0' ]] && [[ "$AutoNet" == '1' ]] && {
        sed -i 's/#ONDHCP\ //g' /boot/tmp/ks.cfg
      } || {
        sed -i 's/#NODHCP\ //g' /boot/tmp/ks.cfg
      }
      [[ "$UNKNOWHW" == '1' ]] && sed -i 's/^unsupported_hardware/#unsupported_hardware/g' /boot/tmp/ks.cfg
      [[ "$(echo "$DIST" |grep -o '^[0-9]\{1\}')" == '5' ]] && sed -i '0,/^%end/s//#%end/' /boot/tmp/ks.cfg
      fi
       
      rm -rf ../initrd.img;
      find . | cpio -H newc --create --verbose | gzip -9 > ../initrd.img;
      rm -rf /boot/tmp;
      }
       
      [[ "$inVNC" == 'y' ]] && {
        sed -i '$i\\n' $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE
        sed -i '$r /tmp/grub.new' $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE
        echo -e "\n\033[33m\033[04mIt will reboot! \nPlease look at VNC! \nSelect\033[0m\033[32m Install OS [$DIST $VER] \033[33m\033[4mto install system.\033[04m\n\n\033[31m\033[04mThere is some information for you.\nDO NOT CLOSE THE WINDOW! \033[0m\n"
        echo -e "\033[35mIPv4\t\tNETMASK\t\tGATEWAY\033[0m"
        echo -e "\033[36m\033[04m$IPv4\033[0m\t\033[36m\033[04m$MASK\033[0m\t\033[36m\033[04m$GATE\033[0m\n\n"
       
        read -n 1 -p "Press Enter to reboot..." INP
        [[ "$INP" != '' ]] && echo -ne '\b \n\n';
      }
       
      chown root:root $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE
      chmod 444 $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE
       
      sleep 3 && reboot >/dev/null 2>&1

      转载自:Debian/Ubuntu/CentOS 网络安装/重装系统/纯净安装 一键脚本

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